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Spellings - Word Genie
You can read and you read a lot. When you write you get confused – is it reech or reach? While what you write sounds correct, but it does not LOOK correct. Remember you are building your vocabulary and learning to write. Your spellings are not wrong, you are not wrong. Only your spellings are not SAME as what ALL write and hear. You may want to write what all can read.
Often when you write, you are told “correct your spellings” and when this is told to you many times you start thinking “I spell wrong” and you start hiding your writing or lose confidence in writing or feel inferior (I cannot write). You just have to know yourself and analyze where your spellings does not match with the spellings of the dictionary.
Have you ever thought "what is spelling?". As per wikipedia " Spelling is the writing of one or more words with letters and diacritics. In addition, the term often, but not always, means an accepted standard spelling or the process of naming the letters. In the sense of a standard, spelling is one of the elements of orthography and a prescriptive element of alphabetic languages. An orthography is a standardized system for using a particular writing system (script) to write a particular language. It includes rules of spelling.
Spellings attempt to transcribe the sounds of the language into alphabetic letters, but phonetic spellings are exceptions in many languages for various reasons. Pronunciation changes over time in all languages, and spelling reforms are irregular in most languages and rare in some. In addition, words from other languages may be adopted without being adapted to the spelling system, non-standard spellings are often adopted after extensive common usage, and different meanings of a word or homophones may be deliberately spelled in different ways to differentiate them visually.
As a first step you can yourself analyze where you find. So here are few strategy you can adopt while READING and WRITING
- Write 14 words you do not know the spellings, but know the meaning. You can do this by asking a friend or see form a book or a dictionary.
- Write 9 words you do not know the meaning.
- Write 7 words you have never heard, read or wrote.
Analyze how you are remembering words and then how are you writing them - by sound or by how the words look.
- How does it effect when you know the meaning of the word?
- How does it effect when you are familiar with the word?
- Read any word you have read many times but you do not know the spelling – look at it, how does it look and write.
- Draw a picture which describes the word.
- Make your own sentence with the word
- Tell the word to your friend (in a sentence).
- Use the word again and again
WRITE, WRITE and WRITE – while writing do not worry about the spellings, let your thoughts flow. Once you are satisfied with what you wanted to write, you may want to see the words for their spellings. Try not checking them in order, but seeing them randomly – almost looking randomly for common spelling errors.
- How did you pronounce the word “”– wud (word, here R is many times not pronounced) ?
- Did you spell with sound only (velcum) ?
- Do you where to add double letter (plan to plaNNing, fun to fuNNy) but not here (luck to lucKy) ?
- Do you get confused when you add to the existing word (note to notable, hope to hopeless, pretty to prettiest)?
- Do you get confused (reech for reach, breaze for breeze)?
- Do you get confused while making plurals (table to tables, bully to bullies, day to days)?
ANALYZE your own understanding of spellings.
READ and Read a LOT and make your OWN strategy to SPELL a word.
GAMES TO PLAY
- Take a word and explore what can be the spelling of that word like “like, like, likk………………………” highlight the word which you SEE in dictionary, in books.
- Make flash cards with all the alphabets, make multiple sets and play games like UNO or Playing cards. Take cards, add new cards, replace some letters……………….and make your own games.
- Play the games like scrabble, word builder, cross word, hangman etc.
- Label things around you.
- This activity helps you to see words as pictures – write the word right to left.
- This activity also helps you to see words as pictures – close your eyes visualize the word and spell it right to left.
- Take a word and hide part of it – unhide one by one and at every step try to guess what word it may be.
- Play in pairs. Write few words or preferably sentences and make purposefully make 10 mistakes. Give to your partner and the partner has to find. This also helps you to develop your visual memory of the words.
- Think of a word and say the first letter. Your partner will say next letter – like you think beautiful and say b, your partner says l, then you have to make with bl……..you say o, your partner says w…..and continue the game.
- Play word antrakrashi with restrictions like 4 letter words, 5 letter words etc.
- Replace game – replace one letter and make new word. Have…….Save……….Safe………….etc. You can now change two letters. Make your own variations.
- Choose a theme for the day and explore words for that theme. For example – weather – hot cold, temperature, centigrade, storm, thunder, wind,
- Make your games.
If you want you may like to use this strategy
EXPERIENCE ACTIVITY –
- Prefixes as an aid to spelling - A prefix is a group of letters placed at the start of a root word to change its meaning. Some complicated words are less difficult to spell if you are familiar with prefixes. Click here to read more about Prefix
- Suffixes - A suffix is simply an ending that's added to a base word to form a new word. Click here to read more about Suffixes
NOTE FOR PARENTS
Many of our children are reading, and they read a lot, they are read a lot by, peers, parents etc. Many of our children write "wrong" - they really write phonetically and hence it appear wrong.
While it is not wrong to ask for a correct spelling, it is also not right to label as wrong writing.
- Why ask for a right spelling - Because this is the way it looks and most people recognize it that way, hence to make a readable writing, we all write SAME spellings.
- Why not label as wrong writing - Because they are not wrong, kids write with sound and they do not feel (hear) as it wrong.
few things which we recommend at home
- READ READ READ
- WRITE WRITE WRITE - write to your child to read, child writes, you writes
- COPY COPY COPY - copy from a text, write a note and child copy.........keep a slate and wrote spellings to copy
- Play word games - some of the games suggested in the kit - link below
- Label things around
- LOOK at spellings while reading
- DISCUSS the structure of the word while reading (share your objective with the child)
- INVOLVE your child in understanding his/ her writing